Viagra is one of the leading brands of pharmaceuticals intended to remedy sexual dysfunction. It has been on the market in its current form since 1998 and has become a common drug known around the world as an effective erectile dysfunction treatment. Andrew bell, David brown, and Nicholas Terrett originally discovered the drug as a treatment for various cardiovascular disorders. Since it became available, it has been a common treatment for erectile dysfunction in med. Its direct competitor is Cialis and Levitra.
Statistics released by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) show that in 2015 alone there were 1.7 million prescriptions for Viagra written by doctors. The company that creates the drug is Pfizer. In 2015, Pfizer and Allergan sign a $160bn dollar merger deal making them the worlds biggest drugmaker. Other prominent uses of the drug Viagra include antidepressant-induced erectile dysfunction, pulmonary arterial hypertension and even altitude sickness where it appears to reduce high-altitude pulmonary edema.
Viagra side effects
Some common side effects of Viagra include headaches, flushing, indigestion, nasal congestion, and impaired vision to name a few. Some users have even reported seeing everything with a blue tint and blurry vision. During research studies in 2005 the FDA declared a warning that the drug could lead to vision impairment in very few and far between instances. Some of the risks include damage to the penile organ itself due to prolonged erections. If an erection lasts more than four hours damage could occur to the sexual organ and professional treatment is recommended immediately.
Notable users of Viagra include Jack Nicholson who reported in an interview “I only take Viagra when I am with more than one woman”.
Another celebrity benefiting from the drug is Rush Limbaugh. One other famous personality is Miles Teller, he reported only taking half a pill and it ‘did the job’. Recently it appears some of the astigmatism associated with using an erectile dysfunction drug has diminished and people are less afraid to admit they have erectile dysfunction. With prominent actors and media personalities coming forward their influence should help shift this mentality.
Viagra recreational use
There are even some less conventional recreational users of Viagra although their methods are not the recommended uses since Viagra is still a prescription drug. It has even become so popular it has become a recreational drug for some claiming it increases their sexual drive and libido. In one study, a 25-mg dose was shown to reduce the post-ejaculatory refractory time giving an appealing solution to those who end sex too quickly. Other areas where Viagra has some strange uses are motion sickness and jet lag. In 2007 the Ig Nobel Prize in Aviation went to Patricia V. Agostino, Santiago A. Plano, and Diego A. Golombek for their discovery that the drug helps treat jet lag recovery in hamsters. Perhaps later derivatives of Viagra will be developed for applications on humans for helping with jet lag recovery.
The body processes Viagra by breaking it down in the liver with hepatic metabolism using primarily cytochrome p450 enzymes. While deaths are uncommon from Viagra, overdoses do occur. The drug doesn’t just target the penis, the rest of the body can experience the effects just as much leaving a victim of a Viagra overdose suffering from chest pain, nausea, a racing pulse and passing out from low blood pressure. Again, if you are unsure if you have experienced an overdose but your erection has lasted more than four hours, go immediately to your doctor or the nearest hospital. If too much Viagra is taken by one person, permanent damage to the penile organ can occur.
The route of administration of Viagra is commonly taken by mouth and has an onset delay of about 27 minutes but can range anywhere from 12 to 70 minutes. To get a faster onset, some users dissolve the pill under their tongue which can increase the speed at which it takes effect. Other less conventional routes of administration include dissolving it in a drink or taking it in a mouth spray form. The sales for this potent and effective drug peaked in 2008 at $1.934 billion dollars. Although it remains to be only available by prescription from a doctor in South Africa, hundreds of websites online offer the drug for sale after an online consultation but the depending on the country you live this may or may not be legal.