Category Archives: Diabetes

Diabetes: How to recognize, diagnose, treat, manage and live with it

Different Types of Diabetes, How They Develop and Treatment

When people have an imbalance of blood sugar in their body it can cause health problems that if left untreated could lead to severe health complications. Diabetes is a disease that happens when there is too much sugar in your blood. The sugar in the blood is called blood glucose and it represents the primary fuel that provides the body with energy.

Gestational Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

There are four main types of diabetes that people can be diagnosed with and they are type I, type II, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes needs to be taken care of and requires treatment or severe health consequences can follow such as peripheral artery disease (PAD). This causes the blood flow to the extremities to be reduced because of the blood vessels becoming too narrow. This can lead to amputations of extremities including toes, feet, and lower legs.

Type I

Type I diabetes refers to people whose bodies do not make enough insulin. This can happen when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas which are responsible for insulin production. People of all ages can have from type I diabetes and it is commonly diagnosed in children and adults alike. Those who have type I diabetes must take insulin injections daily or complications such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) can arise.

Type II

Those with type II diabetes produce too much insulin and it is the most commonly diagnosed type of diabetes. This type of diabetes is most common among middle-aged adults and above. Those who are 45 and above should undergo routine screening. If you are overweight it is best to get the test every two to three years at least. Type I and type II diabetes are two very different types so it is necessary for doctors to do additional testing to determine which type you have.

Prediabetes

Prediabetes is a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than they should be not high enough to be considered diabetic. This condition requires careful management of how much sugar is taken into the body. People who receive a diagnosis of type II diabetes are usually prediabetic prior to the diagnosis making it something that can be caught early on if undergoing regular checks.

Gestational diabetes

The fourth most commonly diagnosed type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women only and is when the body forms too much blood sugar during pregnancy. This is signified by an otherwise healthy woman who becomes pregnant and did not have diabetes but later on, in the pregnancy, her body starts producing too much blood glucose. This leads to a diagnosis of gestational diabetes.

Treatment

Each type of diabetes requires a unique treatment but all of them require regular monitoring of blood sugar. Treatment for type II diabetes can require a whole regiment of modalities in order to combat the increased levels of blood glucose. This can mean taking in fewer calories, fewer sugary foods, and less saturated fat. It is also advisable to have a regular intake of fruits and vegetables. In addition to dietary restrictions, people with type II diabetes should exercise regularly.

Exercising can automatically reduce the amount of blood sugar in the body since you are using it as fuel for energy.

Diabetes medications

Another common treatment for type II diabetes is pharmaceutical medication such as Metformin, Glucophage and Glumetza. These are used to help lower glucose production in the body and helps it to better utilize the insulin that’s available at https://australiakamagra.net/kamagra-oral-jelly-the-ed-medication-thats-easy-to-swalloe/. There are also many other types of pharmaceutical treatments that include Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, and DPP-4 inhibitors but the one that is most recognized is insulin.

Insulin

People diagnosed with type I diabetes must take regular insulin injections to keep their blood glucose at an optimum level. Those who are diagnosed with type I diabetes will know their blood sugar levels are too low because they will become ill. That is when an insulin injection is required. The insulin is administered to the body with a needle because if it were simply taken orally the stomach acids would destroy the medicine before it could be absorbed properly.