Diabetes: How to recognize, diagnose, treat, manage and live with it

Different Types of Diabetes, How They Develop and Treatment

When people have an imbalance of blood sugar in their body it can cause health problems that if left untreated could lead to severe health complications. Diabetes is a disease that happens when there is too much sugar in your blood. The sugar in the blood is called blood glucose and it represents the primary fuel that provides the body with energy.

Gestational Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

There are four main types of diabetes that people can be diagnosed with and they are type I, type II, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes needs to be taken care of and requires treatment or severe health consequences can follow such as peripheral artery disease (PAD). This causes the blood flow to the extremities to be reduced because of the blood vessels becoming too narrow. This can lead to amputations of extremities including toes, feet, and lower legs.

Type I

Type I diabetes refers to people whose bodies do not make enough insulin. This can happen when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas which are responsible for insulin production. People of all ages can have from type I diabetes and it is commonly diagnosed in children and adults alike. Those who have type I diabetes must take insulin injections daily or complications such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) can arise.

Type II

Those with type II diabetes produce too much insulin and it is the most commonly diagnosed type of diabetes. This type of diabetes is most common among middle-aged adults and above. Those who are 45 and above should undergo routine screening. If you are overweight it is best to get the test every two to three years at least. Type I and type II diabetes are two very different types so it is necessary for doctors to do additional testing to determine which type you have.

Prediabetes

Prediabetes is a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than they should be not high enough to be considered diabetic. This condition requires careful management of how much sugar is taken into the body. People who receive a diagnosis of type II diabetes are usually prediabetic prior to the diagnosis making it something that can be caught early on if undergoing regular checks.

Gestational diabetes

The fourth most commonly diagnosed type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women only and is when the body forms too much blood sugar during pregnancy. This is signified by an otherwise healthy woman who becomes pregnant and did not have diabetes but later on, in the pregnancy, her body starts producing too much blood glucose. This leads to a diagnosis of gestational diabetes.

Treatment

Each type of diabetes requires a unique treatment but all of them require regular monitoring of blood sugar. Treatment for type II diabetes can require a whole regiment of modalities in order to combat the increased levels of blood glucose. This can mean taking in fewer calories, fewer sugary foods, and less saturated fat. It is also advisable to have a regular intake of fruits and vegetables. In addition to dietary restrictions, people with type II diabetes should exercise regularly.

Exercising can automatically reduce the amount of blood sugar in the body since you are using it as fuel for energy.

Diabetes medications

Another common treatment for type II diabetes is pharmaceutical medication such as Metformin, Glucophage and Glumetza. These are used to help lower glucose production in the body and helps it to better utilize the insulin that’s available at https://australiakamagra.net/kamagra-oral-jelly-the-ed-medication-thats-easy-to-swalloe/. There are also many other types of pharmaceutical treatments that include Sulfonylureas, Thiazolidinediones, and DPP-4 inhibitors but the one that is most recognized is insulin.

Insulin

People diagnosed with type I diabetes must take regular insulin injections to keep their blood glucose at an optimum level. Those who are diagnosed with type I diabetes will know their blood sugar levels are too low because they will become ill. That is when an insulin injection is required. The insulin is administered to the body with a needle because if it were simply taken orally the stomach acids would destroy the medicine before it could be absorbed properly.

15 thoughts on “Diabetes: How to recognize, diagnose, treat, manage and live with it”

  1. I”m a forty five years old and have been living with diabetes since i was kid. I’ve had some minor issues with them, but have been able to control them with medication that i’ve gotten from my doctor.

  2. My late father was diagnosed 5 years ago. It was hard for him. He started loosing his eyesite. His legs would swell up like three times his legs size. Which made it so he couldn’t walk no more and had to use a wheel chair. He eventually died from stroke complications.

  3. I was 35 years old when I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. I was hoping it would go away after I had my son, but it didn’t. Until visiting an endocrinologist, my energy levels were low, and I was gaining a ridiculous amount of weight way too quickly. Once meeting with my endocrinologist, she put me on a diet which consisted of a daily amount of carbs to eat. I quickly lost weight. I was also put on Metformin to help control it. As a result, I have been on the pre-diabetes/diabetes spectrum, and have not had any issues since. My eating habits have changed, and my weight loss has slowed down dramatically. For the most part, it doesn’t bother me on a day to day basis, but it’s something I always have to keep myself aware of. Sometimes it’s not fun when I’m at work, and I have to pass on delicacies such as cakes, pies or cookies but other than that, I live a normal and happy life.

  4. I come from a family of diabetics, so it shouldn’t have been a surprise when I was diagnosed. However, I was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at age 28, which at the time was considered on the older end for an initial Type 1 diagnosis. I initially tried oral medication, but after a few months which ended with a week-long stay in intensive care, I switched to the insulin regiment that I use to this day.

  5. I HAVE DIABETES PATENT. IT IS VERY HARD TO LIVE WITH DIABETES. AS A DIABETIC PATENT WE SHOULD CONTROL OUR FOOD CHART. WE SHOULD NOT EAT FAT AND HIGHLY CALORIES FOOD. I SHOULD TAKE INSULIN AS VERY REGULAR. I USUALLY GO TO WALKING AND DO MORE PHYSICAL WORKS IT IS REALLY HELPS ME TO CONTROL MY BLOOD SUGAR IN THE SAFE LEVEL. WE MUST CHANGE OUR FOOD HABIT . IT IS VERY HARD TO CONTROL OUR FOOD HABITS . BUT I TRIED LOT TO CHANGE IT IN A GOOD PATH. IT IS VERY HARD TO LIVE WITH DIABTES BUT I TRIED MY LEVEL BEST AND I HAVE CHANGED MY LIFE STYLE . NOW I AM LIVING MY LIFE WITH PEACE AND HAPPY DUE TO MY FOOD HABITS AND MY HEALTHY LIFE STYLE

  6. My niece was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age 10. One day she was a healthy girl and the next her life was forever changed with Diabetes. She can not eat casually and without thought but now must take into account carbs and the glycemic index. Initially her parents had to inject her with insulin but she is now on the insulin pump which attaches to her skin and is replaced every 72 hours. It makes life easier but still, twice a day, blood glucose has to be taken with finger prick. It’s not fun. 5 years later she feels she missed out on a lot. I don’t disagree. Maybe in 20 years we will have pancreatic beta insulin producing cells that can be transplanted into the body. Scientists have been working on this for 10 years and are getting closer.

  7. I was diagnosed with diabetes when I was only 5 years old. It was a very trying time because my parents were very confused about my diagnosis. I have 2 older siblings and they are perfectly healthy. When the doctor 1st came to my parents about my diagnosis they were in disbelief. They did some research after finding out more information about my condition and finally decided to be proactive about it. I applied for and was given a support animal. His name is Buster and he is the greatest thing that has ever happened to me. When ever I am sleeping and my blood sugar drops he can since it immediately. He has saved my life more than once and I am so grateful that he is here protecting our family. Not only does he monitor my blood sugar level he also patrols the house at night to look out for intruders. I have had bluster it for almost 10 years now. Hes made me a better person because he keeps me conscious of my health at all times.

  8. Having Diabetes has been really hard, having to dose myself with insulin and keep an eye on what I eat so my blood sugar doesn’t skyrocket. But I would much rather do that then wind up with no feet, or being dependent on others for my livelihood. I keep it monitored and make sure to go to the doctor for checkups.

  9. * last august 2015 u started to notice few unusual changes in my body like i have frequent urination constant thirst and i feel itchy on my feet i thought i should be consulting a doctor about my symptoms .
    * My doctor told me after few regular check ups that i have a diabetes my doctor counselled my that it has no cure but i can live a long life with it he prescribe me some medications which i have to continue for the rest of my life .
    * i was depressed for have diabetes at the age of 32 so i started researching about diabetes after consulting my friends back in india they told me that it can be cured by a ayurvedic treatment .
    * one of the ayurvedic doctor told me like i should be eating only if i feel hungry and i send me some of the ayurvedic medications through bluedart .
    * Thankfully i feel better now i am out of diabetes , its a miracle

  10. Living with diabetes has been a struggle. It has transformed my life very much. I constantly have to consider my blood sugar level so I don’t start to feel unwell. It takes a toll on you. Especially if you don’t keep everything in order and on the correct track. I was becoming completely exhausted by the age of 31. Then when I noticed I was losing weight I became increasingly alarmed. After consulting with my doctor and running a few blood tests he came to the conclusion I have diabetes. But now I at least know and can control it.

  11. I WAS DIAGNOSES 2 YEARS AGO.I TOOK MEDICINE EVERY DAY SUCH AS INSULIN INJECTION.DUE TO THIS PROBLEM ,I HAVE SLEEP SYNDROME.
    ASPECTS OF LIFE WITH DIABETES THAT MAY AFFECT OUR QUALITY OF LIFE .THE NEVER ENDING DEMANDS OF CARE,SUCH AS EATING CAEFULLY EXERCISING ,MONITORING BLOOD GLUCOSE,AND SCHEDULE AND PLANING.AND SHOULD AVOID FAVORITE SWEET

  12. I was shocked when I was diagnosed with diabetes at the age of 20. There is no history of diabetes in my family and I am considered to be in good health. I started not feeling like myself with constant thirst and feeling dizzy and faint. I am happy that I was smart enough not to wait to visit the doctor. Since he put me on the correct medication I am feeling like myself again

  13. Diabetes is a terrible condition that affects a high percentage of South Africans. High blood pressure makes life difficult and insulin is expensive. People with diabetes should be allowed their medication at cheaper prices, making it more affordable.

  14. i was running in a track meet when i realized i forgot to take my insulin in the middle of the 100m hurdle race. i had to stop myself before i passed out even though i was winning

  15. I got diabetes at the ripe age of 50. I was overweight and not caring much about what I was eating at the time. I had to eat to enjoy life and avoid stress. My family life was very stressful. Now, life got even more stressful. It started with me being so thirsty all the time. I couldn’t seem to quench my thirst. I also had some dizziness that wouldn’t subside. Then I visited my doctor and they checked my blood sugar. The diagnosis which runs in my family was confirmed. My life was changed. I had to go on a strict diet and take insulin.

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